Become - Bioeconomic transitions in mountain regions2021 - ...
In the 2017 "Stratégie bioéconomie pour la France", the bioeconomy is first presented as a new sector of the economy focused on the production, use and transformation of bioresources. Other narratives of the bioeconomy exist, without necessarily claiming to be such, which call for circularity, autonomy, agroecology or moderation. The Become project examines the links and specificities of these different visions, which produce distinct narratives of the bioeconomic transition and fuel scientific debate.
How is the idea of a bio-economic transition taking shape? What are the goals and contours of the concept in mountain territories? What are the underlying principles and values? What are the tensions and conflicts?
Several territorial scales are implicated in the bioeconomy: Regions (the French governing bodies) - which are supposed to be the sounding board for the national strategy - but also the territories proposing projects, from the Tepos (Positive Energy Territory) to the Pat (Territorial Food Plan) and the CTE (Ecological Transition Contracts).
The Auvergne Rhone-Alpes region and the Grenoble metropolitan area and its surrounding massifs (Chartreuse, Vercors, Belledonne) will serve as the project's main fields of study. The conceptual framework will be that of ecological socio-economics, and the tools used will be mainly semi-structured interviews, discourse analysis and scenario building.
A particular feature of this project is that it seeks to identify whether there is a "mountain specificity" of the bioeconomy, and if so, what kind. These include the presence of vulnerable and protected ecosystems; forest resources, sometimes considered as "biomass deposits"; access and production constraints; hydroelectric potential; strong seasonal fluctuations in the demand for water, food and energy linked to tourism, etc.
The Become project aims to contribute to the development of food systems, energy and ecological issues in territorial planning.